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J Occup Environ Med. 2015 Mar;57(3):284-91. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000350.

Improving employee health: evaluation of a worksite lifestyle change program to decrease risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Author information

1
From the Department of Epidemiology (Drs Kramer, Kriska, and Vanderwood, Ms Meehan, Ms Miller, and Ms Eaglehouse), University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pa; Department of Medicine (Dr Molenaar), Veterans Health Administration, Minneapolis, Minn; Department of Biostatistics (Dr Arena), University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health; and Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic (Dr Venditti), Pittsburgh, Pa.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether an evidence-based, behavioral lifestyle intervention program delivered at a worksite setting is effective in improving type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk factors.

METHODS:

A randomized 6-month delayed control design was utilized, with two thirds of the participants assigned to begin intervention immediately, and one third beginning 6 months later. The year-long program (weekly for 3 months transitioning to monthly) focused on weight loss and increasing physical activity.

RESULTS:

The immediate intervention group had greater mean weight loss (-10.4 lb, 5.1%, vs -2.3 lb, 1%; P = 0.0001) than the delayed control group at 6 months and relatively greater improvements in activity, HbA1c, and other risk factors. The delayed group experienced similar improvements after completing the intervention program.

CONCLUSIONS:

A worksite behavioral lifestyle intervention is feasible and effective in significantly improving risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

PMID:
25742535
PMCID:
PMC4351781
DOI:
10.1097/JOM.0000000000000350
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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