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Ann Surg. 2015 Apr;261(4):619-29. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000001184.

Recommendations for laparoscopic liver resection: a report from the second international consensus conference held in Morioka.

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*Iwate Medical University, Morioka, Japan †Hepatobiliary Center-Paul Brousse Hospital, Villejuif, France ‡University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA §Tulane Transplant Institute, Tulane Medical Center, and Louisiana State University and Medical Center, New Orleans, LA ¶Toho University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan ‖Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-si, South Korea **Mayo Clinic, Florida, FL ††Royal Brisbane Hospital, Queensland, Australia ‡‡Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan §§Beaumont Health System, Michigan, MI ¶¶University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA ‖‖Beaujon Hospital, Clichy, France ***Hospital Sirio Libanês, Sao Paulo, Brazil †††Institute Mutualiste Montsouris, France ‡‡‡Ghent University Hospital Medical School, Ghent, Belgium §§§Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire, Strasbourg, France ¶¶¶Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, Netherlands ‖‖‖Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, Paris, France ****Southampton University Hospital Trust, Hampshire, UK ††††Loreto Nuovo Hospital, Napoli, Italy ‡‡‡‡Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South Korea §§§§University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway ¶¶¶¶Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea ‖‖‖‖San Raffaele Hospital, Milano, Italy *****Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China †††††University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada ‡‡‡‡‡Far-Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei City, Taiwan §§§§§Klinikum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany ¶¶¶¶¶Fujita Health University, Aichi, Japan ‖‖‖‖‖Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital, Hong Kong, China ******University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil ††††††Hospital Italiano Buenos Aires, Argentina ‡‡‡‡‡‡Tongji Hospital, HuaZhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan, China §§§§§§Paris-South University Hospital, Orsay, France ¶¶¶¶¶¶Memorial Sloan-Kett


The use of laparoscopy for liver surgery is increasing rapidly. The Second International Consensus Conference on Laparoscopic Liver Resections (LLR) was held in Morioka, Japan, from October 4 to 6, 2014 to evaluate the current status of laparoscopic liver surgery and to provide recommendations to aid its future development. Seventeen questions were addressed. The first 7 questions focused on outcomes that reflect the benefits and risks of LLR. These questions were addressed using the Zurich-Danish consensus conference model in which the literature and expert opinion were weighed by a 9-member jury, who evaluated LLR outcomes using GRADE and a list of comparators. The jury also graded LLRs by the Balliol Classification of IDEAL. The jury concluded that MINOR LLRs had become standard practice (IDEAL 3) and that MAJOR liver resections were still innovative procedures in the exploration phase (IDEAL 2b). Continued cautious introduction of MAJOR LLRs was recommended. All of the evidence available for scrutiny was of LOW quality by GRADE, which prompted the recommendation for higher quality evaluative studies. The last 10 questions focused on technical questions and the recommendations were based on literature review and expert panel opinion. Recommendations were made regarding preoperative evaluation, bleeding controls, transection methods, anatomic approaches, and equipment. Both experts and jury recognized the need for a formal structure of education for those interested in performing major laparoscopic LLR because of the steep learning curve.

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