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Neuron. 2015 Mar 4;85(5):911-25. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2015.01.019.

Homeoprotein signaling in the developing and adult nervous system.

Author information

1
Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Biology (CIRB), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) UMR 7241/Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U1050, Collège de France, 11 place Marcelin Berthelot, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France. Electronic address: alain.prochiantz@college-de-france.fr.
2
Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Biology (CIRB), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) UMR 7241/Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U1050, Collège de France, 11 place Marcelin Berthelot, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France. Electronic address: ariel.dinardo@college-de-france.fr.

Abstract

Signaling classically involves the secretion of diverse molecules that bind specific cell-surface receptors and engage intracellular transduction cascades. Some exceptions-namely, lipophilic agents-can cross plasma membranes to bind intracellular receptors and be carried to the nucleus to regulate transcription. Homeoprotein transcription factors are among the few proteins with such a capacity. Here, we review the signaling activities of homeoproteins in the developing and adult nervous system, with particular emphasis on axon/cell migration and postnatal critical periods of cerebral cortex plasticity. We also describe homeoprotein non-cell-autonomous mechanisms and explore how this "novel" signaling pathway impacts emerging research in brain development and physiology. In this context, we explore hypotheses on the evolution of signaling, the role of homeoproteins as early morphogens, and their therapeutic potential for neurological and psychiatric diseases.

PMID:
25741720
PMCID:
PMC5031187
DOI:
10.1016/j.neuron.2015.01.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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