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J Clin Microbiol. 2015 May;53(5):1582-7. doi: 10.1128/JCM.03556-14. Epub 2015 Mar 4.

Molecular identification of Mycobacterium avium subsp. silvaticum by duplex high-resolution melt analysis and subspecies-specific real-time PCR.

Author information

1
Veterinary Diagnostic Directorate, National Food Chain Safety Office, Budapest, Hungary ronai.zsuzsanna@gmail.com.
2
Food-Chain Safety and Animal Health Directorate, Government Office of Somogy County, Kaposvár, Hungary.
3
Veterinary Diagnostic Directorate, National Food Chain Safety Office, Budapest, Hungary.

Abstract

Accurate identification of mycobacterial species and subspecies is essential to evaluate their significance and to perform epidemiological studies. The subspecies of Mycobacterium avium have different attributes but coincide in their zoonotic potential. Our knowledge about M. avium subsp. silvaticum is limited, since its identification is uncertain. Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium and M. avium subsp. silvaticum can be discriminated from each other based only on phenotypic characteristics, as they have almost identical genome sequences. Here we describe the development of a diagnostic method which enables the molecular identification of M. avium subsp. silvaticum and discrimination from M. avium subsp. avium based on genomic differences in a duplex high-resolution melt and M. avium subsp. silvaticum-specific mismatch real-time PCR. The developed assay was tested on reference strains and 199 field isolates, which were analyzed by phenotypic methods previously. This assay not only identified all 63 M. avium subsp. silvaticum and 138 M. avium subsp. avium strains correctly but also enabled the detection of mixed M. avium subsp. avium-M. avium subsp. silvaticum cultures. This is the first time that such a large panel of strains has been analyzed, and we also report the first isolation of M. avium subsp. silvaticum from red fox, red deer, wild boar, cattle, and badger. This assay is reliable, rapid, simple, inexpensive, and robust. It eliminates the long-existing problem of ambiguous phenotypic identification and opens up the possibility for detailed and comprehensive strain studies.

PMID:
25740770
PMCID:
PMC4400758
DOI:
10.1128/JCM.03556-14
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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