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Mol Biol Cell. 2015 May 1;26(9):1629-39. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E14-07-1197. Epub 2015 Mar 4.

Homer3 regulates the establishment of neutrophil polarity.

Author information

1
Cardiovascular Research Institute and Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158.
2
Department of Cell Biochemistry, Groningen Biological Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, 9700 AB Groningen, Netherlands.
3
Department of Biochemistry and Netherlands Proteomics Centre, Groningen Biological Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, 9700 AB Groningen, Netherlands.
4
NIZO Food Research, 6718 ZB Ede, Netherlands Centre for Molecular and Biomolecular Informatics, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, 6525 GA Nijmegen, Netherlands.
5
Green Center for Systems Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390.
6
Cardiovascular Research Institute and Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158 orion.weiner@ucsf.edu.

Abstract

Most chemoattractants rely on activation of the heterotrimeric G-protein Gαi to regulate directional cell migration, but few links from Gαi to chemotactic effectors are known. Through affinity chromatography using primary neutrophil lysate, we identify Homer3 as a novel Gαi2-binding protein. RNA interference-mediated knockdown of Homer3 in neutrophil-like HL-60 cells impairs chemotaxis and the establishment of polarity of phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphate (PIP3) and the actin cytoskeleton, as well as the persistence of the WAVE2 complex. Most previously characterized proteins that are required for cell polarity are needed for actin assembly or activation of core chemotactic effectors such as the Rac GTPase. In contrast, Homer3-knockdown cells show normal magnitude and kinetics of chemoattractant-induced activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase and Rac effectors. Chemoattractant-stimulated Homer3-knockdown cells also exhibit a normal initial magnitude of actin polymerization but fail to polarize actin assembly and intracellular PIP3 and are defective in the initiation of cell polarity and motility. Our data suggest that Homer3 acts as a scaffold that spatially organizes actin assembly to support neutrophil polarity and motility downstream of GPCR activation.

PMID:
25739453
PMCID:
PMC4436775
DOI:
10.1091/mbc.E14-07-1197
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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