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J Oral Biol Craniofac Res. 2013 May-Aug;3(2):92-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jobcr.2013.01.001. Epub 2013 Jan 30.

Bone density and its importance in orthodontics.

Author information

1
Orthodontic Consultant, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.
2
Senior Lecturer, Department of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics, Sardar Patel Post Graduate Institute of Dental & Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.
3
Reader, Department of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics, Sardar Patel Post Graduate Institute of Dental & Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.
4
Professor and Head, Department of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics, Sardar Patel Post Graduate Institute of Dental & Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Researchers have generally focused on tissue reactions occurring within the periodontal ligament and bone to find possible explanation for various clinical phenomena, with less attention being paid to the inherent bone density. Recently, regional differences in jaw anatomy and bone structure including bone density have become important issue to explain some of the variation in clinical practice with respect to tooth movement, implant success rate, anchorage loss etc.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The intent of this review is to discuss various methods and classification proposed to determine bone density in particular area and its importance in field of orthodontia. Various clinical studies and research done in relation to bone density were searched using PubMed.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:

This review endeavours to compile the research of bone density in maxilla and mandible. Many clinical studies have demonstrated relation between bone density and various clinical phenomena in dentistry. Knowledge of bone density in particular area of oral cavity may help the clinician to plan proper site for implant placement and various anchorage augmentation techniques in order to increase success rate of the treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Anchorage; Bone density; Mandible; Maxilla; Mini-implant

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