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Mol Nutr Food Res. 2015 Jun;59(6):1190-9. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201400841. Epub 2015 Apr 27.

Maternal high-salt diets affected pressor responses and microvasoconstriction via PKC/BK channel signaling pathways in rat offspring.

Author information

1
Institute for Fetology & Reproductive Medicine Center, First Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, P. R. China.
2
Center for Prenatal Biology, Loma Linda University, CA, USA.

Abstract

SCOPE:

High-salt (HS) intake is linked to hypertension, and prenatal exposure to maternal HS diets may have long-term impact on cardiovascular systems. The relationship between HS diets and cardiovascular disease has received extensive attention. This study determined pressor responses and microvessel functions in the adult offspring rats exposed to prenatal HS.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

The offspring of 5-month old as young adults in rats were used. Blood pressure, vascular tone, intracellular Ca(2+), and BK channels in mesenteric arteries were measured in the offspring. Phenylephrine (Phe)-induced pressor responses were significantly higher in the prenatal HS offspring. Vessel tension and intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations associated with Phe-induced pressor responses were increased in the mesenteric arteries of the HS offspring. PKC α- and δ-isoforms were upregulated in mesenteric arteries of the HS offspring. The enhanced Phe-mediated vascular activity was linked to the altered PKC-modulated BK channel functions.

CONCLUSION:

The results suggested that prenatal exposure to HS altered microvascular activity probably via changes in PKC/BK signaling pathways, which may lead to increased risks of hypertension in the offspring.

KEYWORDS:

Hypertension; Large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels; Prenatal high-salt; Protein kinase C; Vasoconstriction

PMID:
25737272
DOI:
10.1002/mnfr.201400841
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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