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J Appl Gerontol. 2016 Dec;35(12):1325-1342. Epub 2015 Mar 3.

Primary Care Providers' HIV Prevention Practices Among Older Adults.

Author information

1
Rutgers University, Stratford, NJ, USA ted58@shrp.rutgers.edu.
2
Virginia Polytechnic Institue and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA.
3
University of Kentucky, Lexington, USA.
4
University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To explore primary care providers' HIV prevention practices for older adults. Primary care providers' perceptions and awareness were explored to understand factors that affect their provision of HIV prevention materials and HIV screening for older adults.

DESIGN AND METHOD:

Data were collected through 24 semistructured interviews with primary care providers (i.e., physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners) who see patients older than 50 years.

RESULTS:

Results reveal facilitators and barriers of HIV prevention for older adults among primary care providers and understanding of providers' HIV prevention practices and behaviors. Individual, patient, institutional, and societal factors influenced HIV prevention practices among participants, for example, provider training and work experience, lack of time, discomfort in discussing HIV/AIDS with older adults, stigma, and ageism were contributing factors. Furthermore, factors specific to primary and secondary HIV prevention were identified, for instance, the presence of sexually transmitted infections influenced providers' secondary prevention practices.

IMPLICATIONS:

HIV disease, while preventable, is increasing among older adults. These findings inform future research and interventions aimed at increasing HIV prevention practices in primary care settings for patients older than 50.

KEYWORDS:

AIDS; HIV; older adults; primary care providers

PMID:
25736425
PMCID:
PMC4720571
DOI:
10.1177/0733464815574093
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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