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Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai). 2015 Apr;47(4):292-8. doi: 10.1093/abbs/gmv005. Epub 2015 Mar 1.

DDR2 inhibition reduces migration and invasion of murine metastatic melanoma cells by suppressing MMP2/9 expression through ERK/NF-κB pathway.

Author information

1
Department of Immunology and Institute for Medical Sciences, Medical School, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 561-756, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Oriental Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy and Wonkwang-Oriental Medicines Research Institute, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Jeonbuk 570-749, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Immunology and Institute for Medical Sciences, Medical School, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 561-756, Republic of Korea daekim@jbnu.ac.kr.

Abstract

Metastatic melanoma is one of the most deadly and evasive cancers. Collagen I in the extracellular matrix promotes the migration and invasion of tumor cells through the production of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2 and 9. Discoidin domain receptor (DDR) 2 is a collagen receptor that is implicated in several cancer types including breast and prostate cancers. However, the role of DDR2 in the migration and invasion of murine melanoma cells is less studied. In the present study, we investigated the effects and underlying mechanisms of DDR2 in migration and invasion of B16BL6 melanoma cells in response to collagen I. Results demonstrated that DDR2 is expressed and is phosphorylated by collagen I in the cells. Upon down-regulation of DDR2 using small-interfering RNA (siRNA) approach, both of the cell migratory and invasive phenotypes were significantly attenuated when compared with the control cells. This effect was mediated via suppression of MMP2/9 upon DDR2 inhibition. Furthermore, inhibition of DDR2 by specific siRNA markedly reduced the activation of extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) 1 and 2 and nuclear factor of kappa B (NF-κB) in the cells when compared with the control cells. Overall, these data demonstrated that DDR2 siRNA-mediated suppression of ERK1/2 and NF-κB could down-regulate the expressions of MMP2/9 in response to collagen I to reduce the migratory and invasive phenotypes of the cells.

KEYWORDS:

B16BL6; ERK; NF-κB; collagen I; discoidin domain receptor 2; invasion; migration

PMID:
25733533
DOI:
10.1093/abbs/gmv005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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