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Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2015 May;21(2):119-23. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2015.02.001. Epub 2015 Feb 17.

The study of the effect of guided imagery on pain, anxiety and some other hemodynamic factors in patients undergoing coronary angiography.

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Student Research Committee, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran. Electronic address:
Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.
University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.


One of the most frequently used methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart diseases is cardiac catheterization which increases the anxiety level in patients before surgery. In this random clinical study, 62 people undergoing coronary angiography were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The necessary data were collected through a hemodynamic variable sheet, the STAI anxiety questionnaire and a pain scale. The experimental group subjects were asked to listen to a Guided Imagery CD for 18 min. The mean level of anxiety for the Guided Imagery group after the intervention decreased significantly. The comparison of the means of hemodynamic parameters before and after the intervention showed a small decrease after the intervention, but this reduction was not statistically significant. Moreover, the means of pain as measured by pain scale showed that the control group had slower level of pain but, again, this difference was not statistically significant.


Angiography; Anxiety; Guided imagery; Hemodynamic parameters; Pain

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