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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2015 Jun;1851(6):746-58. doi: 10.1016/j.bbalip.2015.02.013. Epub 2015 Feb 27.

Polyphosphoinositide binding domains: Key to inositol lipid biology.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. ghammond@pitt.edu
2
Section on Molecular Signal Transduction, Eunice Shriver Kennedy National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address: ballat@mail.nih.gov.

Erratum in

  • Biochim Biophys Acta. 2015 Sep;1851(9):1283.

Abstract

Polyphosphoinositides (PPIn) are an important family of phospholipids located on the cytoplasmic leaflet of eukaryotic cell membranes. Collectively, they are critical for the regulation of many aspects of membrane homeostasis and signaling, with notable relevance to human physiology and disease. This regulation is achieved through the selective interaction of these lipids with hundreds of cellular proteins, and thus the capability to study these localized interactions is crucial to understanding their functions. In this review, we discuss current knowledge of the principle types of PPIn-protein interactions, focusing on specific lipid-binding domains. We then discuss how these domains have been re-tasked by biologists as molecular probes for these lipids in living cells. Finally, we describe how the knowledge gained with these probes, when combined with other techniques, has led to the current view of the lipids' localization and function in eukaryotes, focusing mainly on animal cells. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Phosphoinositides.

KEYWORDS:

Fluorescence imaging; Membrane; PH-domain; PX-domain; Phosphoinositide; Phospholipase C

PMID:
25732852
PMCID:
PMC4380703
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbalip.2015.02.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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