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Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2015 Mar;44(1):43-50. doi: 10.1016/j.ecl.2014.10.005. Epub 2014 Nov 4.

Cushing syndrome: update on testing.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA; Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA; Department of Physiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA; Endocrine Research Laboratory, Aurora St. Luke's Medical Center, Aurora Research Institute, 2801 West KK River Parkway, Suite 245, Milwaukee, WI 53215, USA. Electronic address: hraff@mcw.edu.

Abstract

Endogenous hypercortisolism (Cushing syndrome) is one of the most enigmatic diseases in clinical medicine. The diagnosis and differential diagnosis of Cushing syndrome depend on proper laboratory evaluation. In this review, an update is provided on selected critical issues in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of Cushing syndrome: the use of late-night salivary cortisol in initial diagnosis and for postoperative surveillance, and the use of prolactin measurement to improve the performance of inferior petrosal sinus sampling to distinguish Cushing disease from ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) syndrome during differential diagnosis of ACTH-dependent Cushing syndrome.

KEYWORDS:

Adrenal incidentalomas; Cushing disease; Inferior petrosal sinus sampling; Salivary cortisol

PMID:
25732641
DOI:
10.1016/j.ecl.2014.10.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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