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J Adv Nurs. 2015 Sep;71(9):1973-85. doi: 10.1111/jan.12647. Epub 2015 Mar 3.

An integrative review of facilitators and barriers influencing collaboration and teamwork between general practitioners and nurses working in general practice.

Author information

1
School of Nursing, University of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.
2
School of Nursing & Midwifery, University of Western Sydney, Campbelltown, New South Wales, Australia.
3
School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.

Abstract

AIM:

To identify facilitators and barriers influencing collaboration and teamwork between general practitioners and nurses working in general (family) practice.

BACKGROUND:

Internationally, a shortage of doctors entering and remaining in general practice and an increasing burden of chronic disease has diversified the nurse's role in this setting. Despite a well-established general practice nursing workforce, little attention has been paid to the ways doctors and nurses collaborate in this setting.

DESIGN:

Integrative literature review.

DATA SOURCES:

CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Life, Cochrane Library, Joanna Briggs Institute Library of Systematic Reviews and Trove (dissertation and theses) were searched for papers published between 2000 and May 2014.

REVIEW METHODS:

This review was informed by the approach of Whittemore and Knafl (2005). All included papers were assessed for methodological quality. Findings were extracted, critically examined and grouped into themes.

RESULTS:

Eleven papers met the inclusion criteria. Thematic analysis revealed three themes common to the facilitators of and barriers to collaboration and teamwork between GPs in general practice: (1) roles and responsibilities; (2) respect, trust and communication; and (3) hierarchy, education and liability.

CONCLUSION:

This integrative review has provided insight into issues around role definition, communication and organizational constraints which influence the way nurses and general practitioners collaborate in a team environment. Future research should investigate in more detail the ways doctors and nurses work together in general practice and the impact of collaboration on nursing leadership and staff retention.

KEYWORDS:

collaboration; general practice; integrative review; interprofessional; physician-nurse relations; primary care; teamwork

PMID:
25731727
DOI:
10.1111/jan.12647
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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