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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2015 Apr;93(4):275-82. doi: 10.1139/cjpp-2014-0459. Epub 2015 Jan 20.

Protective effects of curcumin on acute gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats.

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  • 1Nephrology Department, 2nd Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Key Lab of Kidney Disease and Blood Purification in Hunan, 139 Renmin Road, Changsha, Hunan 410011, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity is one of the most common causes of acute kidney injury (AKI). The phenotypic alterations that contribute to acute kidney injury include inflammatory response and oxidative stress. Curcumin has a wide range biological functions, especially as an antioxidant. This study was designed to evaluate the renoprotective effects of curcumin treatment in gentamicin-induced AKI.

METHODS:

Gentamicin-induced AKI was established in female Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were treated with curcumin (100 mg/kg body mass) by intragastric administration, once daily, followed with an intraperitoneal injection of gentamicin sulfate solution at a dose of 80 mg/kg body mass for 8 consecutive days. At days 3 and 8, the rats were sacrificed, and the kidneys and blood samples were collected for further analysis.

RESULTS:

The animals treated with gentamicin showed marked deterioration of renal function, together with higher levels of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1) in the plasma as compared with the controls. Animals that underwent intermittent treatment with curcumin exhibited significant improvements in renal functional parameters. We also observed that treatment with curcumin significantly attenuated renal tubular damage, apoptosis, and oxidative stress. Curcumin treatment exerted anti-apoptosis and anti-oxidative effects by up-regulating Nrf2/HO-1 and Sirt1 expression.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data clearly demonstrate that curcumin protects kidney from gentamicin-induced AKI via the amelioration of oxidative stress and apoptosis of renal tubular cells, thus providing hope for the amelioration of gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity.

KEYWORDS:

HO-1; Nrf2; Sirt1; apoptose; apoptosis; oxidative stress; stress oxydant

PMID:
25730179
DOI:
10.1139/cjpp-2014-0459
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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