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Korean J Physiol Pharmacol. 2015 Mar;19(2):141-9. doi: 10.4196/kjpp.2015.19.2.141. Epub 2015 Feb 25.

Differential Gene Expression in GPR40-Overexpressing Pancreatic β-cells Treated with Linoleic Acid.

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Department of Pharmacology, Chungnam National University College of Pharmacy, Daejeon 305-764, Korea.
Department of Pharmacology, Chungnam National University College of Pharmacy, Daejeon 305-764, Korea. ; Institute of Drug Research & Development, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, Korea.


"G protein-coupled receptor 40" (GPR40), a receptor for long-chain fatty acids, mediates the stimulation of glucose-induced insulin secretion. We examined the profiles of differential gene expression in GPR40-activated cells treated with linoleic acid, and finally predicted the integral pathways of the cellular mechanism of GPR40-mediated insulinotropic effects. After constructing a GPR40-overexpressing stable cell line (RIN-40) from the rat pancreatic β-cell line RIN-5f, we determined the gene expression profiles of RIN-5f and RIN-40. In total, 1004 genes, the expression of which was altered at least twofold, were selected in RIN-5f versus RIN-40. Moreover, the differential genetic profiles were investigated in RIN-40 cells treated with 30 µM linoleic acid, which resulted in selection of 93 genes in RIN-40 versus RIN-40 treated with linoleic acid. Based on the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes Pathway (KEGG,, sets of genes induced differentially by treatment with linoleic acid in RIN-40 cells were found to be related to mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase- and neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction pathways. A gene ontology (GO) study revealed that more than 30% of the genes were associated with signal transduction and cell proliferation. Thus, this study elucidated a gene expression pattern relevant to the signal pathways that are regulated by GPR40 activation during the acute period. Together, these findings increase our mechanistic understanding of endogenous molecules associated with GPR40 function, and provide information useful for identification of a target for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus.


G protein-coupled receptor 40; Insulin secretion; Linoleic acid; Pancreatic β-cell; Type 2 diabetes mellitus

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