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Trends Plant Sci. 2015 Mar;20(3):145-9. doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2015.01.010. Epub 2015 Feb 25.

Towards social acceptance of plant breeding by genome editing.

Author information

1
Office of Health and Safety, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0808, Hokkaido, Japan.
2
Office of Health and Safety, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0808, Hokkaido, Japan. Electronic address: tishii@general.hokudai.ac.jp.

Abstract

Although genome-editing technologies facilitate efficient plant breeding without introducing a transgene, it is creating indistinct boundaries in the regulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Rapid advances in plant breeding by genome-editing require the establishment of a new global policy for the new biotechnology, while filling the gap between process-based and product-based GMO regulations. In this Opinion article we review recent developments in producing major crops using genome-editing, and we propose a regulatory model that takes into account the various methodologies to achieve genetic modifications as well as the resulting types of mutation. Moreover, we discuss the future integration of genome-editing crops into society, specifically a possible response to the 'Right to Know' movement which demands labeling of food that contains genetically engineered ingredients.

KEYWORDS:

GMO; breeding; crops; genome editing; regulations; society

PMID:
25726138
DOI:
10.1016/j.tplants.2015.01.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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