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J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2015 Jun;24(6):988-93. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2015.01.001. Epub 2015 Feb 26.

The influence of humeral head inclination in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty: a systematic review.

Author information

1
Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address: berickso.24@gmail.com.
2
Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.
3
Department of Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX, USA; Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Clinical Orthopaedic Surgery, Weill Cornell College of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
4
Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Regeneration Orthopedics, Cartilage Restoration Center of St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Humeral component inclination may play an important role in implant stability and the incidence of scapular notching in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). This study was conducted to determine if a difference exists between RTSA prostheses with a 135° vs 155° humeral component inclination angle with respect to dislocation rates and scapular notching rates. We hypothesized that the rate of dislocation would be significantly higher with the 135° inclination design and that the rate of scapular notching would be significantly higher with the 155° inclination design.

METHODS:

A systematic review was registered with PROSPERO and performed with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines using 3 publicly available free databases. Therapeutic clinical outcome investigations reporting the number of dislocations, number of patients with scapular notching, and postoperative range of motion after RTSA with levels of evidence I to IV were eligible for inclusion. All study and subject demographics were analyzed. Statistics were calculated using 2-proportion z tests.

RESULTS:

Thirty-eight studies including 2222 shoulders (average age, 70.3 ± 3.91 years; 67% female) undergoing RTSA were included. Of these, 1762 (79.3%) used the 155° inclination prosthesis and 460 (20.7%) used the 135° inclination prosthesis with a lateralized glenosphere. The rate of scapular notching was 2.83% in the 135° group and 16.80% in the 155° group (P < .0001, z = -7.7107). The rate of dislocation was 1.74% in the 135° group and 2.33% in the 155° group (P = .4432, z = -0.7669).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our systematic review of 38 studies and 2222 shoulders found that the rate of scapular nothing was significantly higher with the 155° prosthesis than with the 135° prosthesis with a lateralized glenosphere, with no difference in dislocation rates between prostheses.

KEYWORDS:

Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty; dislocation; head neck angle; rotator cuff arthropathy; scapular notch

PMID:
25725965
DOI:
10.1016/j.jse.2015.01.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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