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Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2015 Jul;23(7):1158-64. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2015.02.016. Epub 2015 Feb 24.

Synovial chemokine expression and relationship with knee symptoms in patients with meniscal tears.

Author information

1
Division of Rheumatology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.
2
Department of Orthopedics, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.
3
Department of Biochemistry, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.
4
Department of Community Systems and Mental Health Nursing, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.
5
Division of Rheumatology & Department of Orthopedics, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Section of Rheumatology, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address: cscanz@upenn.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

In patients with knee OA, synovitis is associated with knee pain and symptoms. We previously identified synovial mRNA expression of a set of chemokines (CCL19, IL-8, CCL5, XCL-1, CCR7) associated with synovitis in patients with meniscal tears but without radiographic OA. CCL19 and CCR7 were also associated with knee symptoms. This study sought to validate expression of these chemokines and association with knee symptoms in more typical patients presenting for meniscal arthroscopy, many who have pre-existing OA.

DESIGN:

Synovial fluid (SF) and biopsies were collected from patients undergoing meniscal arthroscopy. Synovial mRNA expression was measured using quantitative RT-PCR. The Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) was administered preoperatively. Regression analyses determined if associations between chemokine mRNA levels and KOOS scores were independent of other factors including radiographic OA. CCL19 in SF was measured by ELISA, and compared to patients with advanced knee OA and asymptomatic organ donors.

RESULTS:

90% of patients had intra-operative evidence of early cartilage degeneration. CCL19, IL-8, CCL5, XCL1, CCR7 transcripts were detected in all patients. Synovial CCL19 mRNA levels independently correlated with KOOS Activities of Daily Living (ADL) scores (95% CI [-8.071, -0.331], P = 0.036), indicating higher expression was associated with more knee-related dysfunction. SF CCL19 was detected in 7 of 10 patients, compared to 4 of 10 asymptomatic donors.

CONCLUSION:

In typical patients presenting for meniscal arthroscopy, synovial CCL19 mRNA expression was associated with knee-related difficulty with ADL, independent of other factors including presence of radiographic knee OA.

KEYWORDS:

KOOS; Knee disability; Osteoarthritis; Relative expression; Synovitis

PMID:
25724256
PMCID:
PMC4470781
DOI:
10.1016/j.joca.2015.02.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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