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Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2015 Mar;97(2):e23-4. doi: 10.1308/003588414X14055925060550.

Spontaneous splenic rupture four days after an open appendicectomy.

Author information

1
Kettering General Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Spontaneous splenic rupture is a rare but dangerous event that requires prompt diagnosis and frequently an emergency splenectomy. Previous case reports have described the occurrence in patients with medical conditions, anticoagulant treatments, endoscopic procedures, laparoscopic surgery or no particular predisposing factor. Our report is the first to describe the occurrence of spontaneous spleen rupture following a laparotomy conducted in the lower abdomen.

CASE HISTORY:

A 62-year-old woman presented with a 10-day history of right iliac fossa pain radiating to the right leg and associated vomiting. Following a routine blood check and computed tomography (CT), she underwent an open appendicectomy through a lower midline laparotomy for an appendicular abscess. Four days later, she experienced haemorrhagic shock and a second CT scan diagnosed a spontaneous splenic rupture that required a prompt splenectomy.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our case is the first that describes the spontaneous rupture of the spleen following an open procedure conducted in the lower quadrants. This entity must still be considered as a rare but potential cause for postoperative bleeding when no other obvious sources are identified.

PMID:
25723677
PMCID:
PMC4473423
DOI:
10.1308/003588414X14055925060550
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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