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Am J Surg Pathol. 2015 May;39(5):644-51. doi: 10.1097/PAS.0000000000000411.

MYD88 (L265P) somatic mutation in marginal zone B-cell lymphoma.

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1
*Department of Pathology, Hospital Virgen de la Salud, Toledo †Department of Pathology, Hospital Universitario Marques de Valdecilla, IDIVAL, Santander, Spain.

Abstract

MYD88 L265P is a somatic mutation that has been identified in about 90% of Waldenström macroglobulinemia/lymphoplasmacytic lymphomas (LPLs). It has also been detected in a subset of marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) cases, but the frequency and clinical and histologic features of these mutated MZL cases has only been partially characterized. We have developed a customized TaqMan allele-specific polymerase chain reaction for sensitive detection of this mutation in paraffin-embedded tissue. We analyzed samples from 19 patients with LPL, 88 patients with splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL), 8 patients with nodal marginal zone lymphoma (NMZL), 21 patients with extranodal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT), and 2 patients with B-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified. By integrating mutational, histologic, and clinical data, 5 cases were reclassified as LPL. After reclassification, MYD88 L265P was detected in 13/86 (15%) SMZL and in 19/24 LPL (79%) cases. The mutation was absent from NMZL and MALT cases. A strong correlation was found between the presence of an IgM monoclonal paraproteinemia and the MYD88 L265P mutation (P<0.0001). SMZL cases positive for MYD88 L265P were also associated with monoclonal IgM paraproteinemia (4/13 cases; P<0.0283), although with less serum paraproteinemia. They also had a higher frequency of plasmacytic differentiation (9/13) but with no correlation between the presence of mutation and of light chain-restricted plasma cells in tissue. Demonstration of the MYD88 L265 mutation is a valuable tool for the diagnosis of LPL, although some SMZL cases carrying the mutation do not fulfill the diagnostic criteria for LPL.

PMID:
25723115
DOI:
10.1097/PAS.0000000000000411
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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