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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2015 Mar 27;459(1):71-4. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2015.02.071. Epub 2015 Feb 24.

Identification of putative bone anabolic peptides targeting adherent plasma membrane.

Author information

1
Department of Oral Medicine, Infection and Immunity, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.
2
Department of Oral Medicine, Infection and Immunity, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, The Forsyth Institute, Cambridge, MA, USA.
3
Restorative Dentistry and Biomaterials Sciences, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.
4
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, The Forsyth Institute, Cambridge, MA, USA. Electronic address: mnagai@forsyth.org.

Abstract

Bone matrix provides unknown essential cues for osteoblast lineage cells to develop, grow, repair and remodel bones via adherent plasma membrane. Because of its tight sealing with bone matrix in vivo and culture surface in vitro as well, the adherent plasma membrane has been unveiled target of investigation to date. Herein, we report a new approach to explore the adherence plasma membrane of osteoblasts with biofunctional peptide candidates in a bacterial peptide library. To accomplish this, human osteoblast like hFOB 1.19 cells were cultured on porous filter with 8 μm pore through which bacterial peptides were allowed to meet the membrane for affinity selection. The affinity-selected peptides were coated on culture plate to further evaluate their influence on osteoblastic cell adhesion, as well as expressions of osteoblast differentiation markers, alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin. Finally, the serial screenings identified two prominent active peptides that enhanced the differentiation markers nearly to the same level as a control peptide of bone morphogenetic protein-2. Osteogenic activity is expected for the peptides when immobilized on bone implant surface.

KEYWORDS:

Adherent plasma membrane; Biomaterial; Bone matrix; Differentiation; Osteoblast; Peptide display library

PMID:
25721672
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2015.02.071
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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