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PLoS One. 2015 Feb 26;10(2):e0117860. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0117860. eCollection 2015.

Human height is positively related to interpersonal dominance in dyadic interactions.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.
2
Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of Curaçao, Willemstad, Curaçao.
3
Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
4
Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Across cultures, taller stature is linked to increased social status, but the potential reasons why this should be are unclear. One potential explanation is that taller individuals are more likely to win a dyadic confrontation with a competitor (i.e., they are more dominant), which leads to higher social rank. Although some previous studies have shown that perceptions of status or dominance are related to height, and are therefore consistent with such an explanation, there is surprisingly little research testing whether height actually has any influence on the behavioural outcomes in real-life social interactions. Here, we present three naturalistic observational studies demonstrating that height predicts interpersonal dominance during brief dyadic interactions. Study 1 investigated the likelihood of giving way in a narrow passage (N = 92); Study 2 investigated giving way in a busy shopping street, plus the likelihood of colliding with another individual (N = 1,108); and Study 3 investigated the likelihood of maintaining a linear path while walking, and potentially entering another individual's personal space (N = 1,056). We conclude that human height is positively related to interpersonal dominance, and may well contribute to the widely observed positive association between height and social status.

PMID:
25719490
PMCID:
PMC4342156
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0117860
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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