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Proc Biol Sci. 2015 Apr 7;282(1804):20142874. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2014.2874.

Genome reorganization in F1 hybrids uncovers the role of retrotransposons in reproductive isolation.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Biology, University of Neuchâtel, Rue Emile Argand 11, Neuchâtel 2000, Switzerland.
2
Laboratory of Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Biology, University of Neuchâtel, Rue Emile Argand 11, Neuchâtel 2000, Switzerland Musée et Jardins Botaniques Cantonaux, Lausanne 1007, Switzerland.
3
Laboratory of Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Biology, University of Neuchâtel, Rue Emile Argand 11, Neuchâtel 2000, Switzerland christian.parisod@unine.ch.

Abstract

Interspecific hybridization leads to new interactions among divergent genomes, revealing the nature of genetic incompatibilities having accumulated during and after the origin of species. Conflicts associated with misregulation of transposable elements (TEs) in hybrids expectedly result in their activation and genome-wide changes that may be key to species boundaries. Repetitive genomes of wild wheats have diverged under differential dynamics of specific long terminal repeat retrotransposons (LTR-RTs), offering unparalleled opportunities to address the underpinnings of plant genome reorganization by selfish sequences. Using reciprocal F1 hybrids between three Aegilops species, restructuring and epigenetic repatterning was assessed at random and LTR-RT sequences with amplified fragment length polymorphism and sequence-specific amplified polymorphisms as well as their methylation-sensitive counterparts, respectively. Asymmetrical reorganization of LTR-RT families predicted to cause conflicting interactions matched differential survival of F1 hybrids. Consistent with the genome shock model, increasing divergence of merged LTR-RTs yielded higher levels of changes in corresponding genome fractions and lead to repeated reorganization of LTR-RT sequences in F1 hybrids. Such non-random reorganization of hybrid genomes is coherent with the necessary repression of incompatible TE loci in support of hybrid viability and indicates that TE-driven genomic conflicts may represent an overlooked factor supporting reproductive isolation.

KEYWORDS:

Aegilops; TEs; genome shock; hybridization; nucleocytoplasmic incompatibilities; speciation

PMID:
25716787
PMCID:
PMC4375867
DOI:
10.1098/rspb.2014.2874
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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