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Endocr Pract. 2015 Jun;21(6):613-20. doi: 10.4158/EP14520.OR. Epub 2015 Feb 25.

HOW PATIENTS WITH TYPE 1 DIABETES TRANSLATE CONTINUOUS GLUCOSE MONITORING DATA INTO DIABETES MANAGEMENT DECISIONS.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To understand how patients use continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) data in their diabetes management.

METHODS:

We surveyed patients who regularly used CGM (>6 days per week), using 70 questions, many scenario-based. The survey had 6 sections: patient characteristics, general CGM use, hypoglycemia prevention and management, hyperglycemia prevention and management, insulin dosing adjustments (both for incidental hyperglycemia not at meals and at mealtimes), and real-time use versus retrospective analysis.

RESULTS:

The survey was completed by 222 patients with type 1 diabetes. In response to a glucose of 220 mg/dL, the average correction dose adjustment based on rate of change arrows varied dramatically. Specifically, when the CGM device showed 2 arrows up (glucose increasing >3 mg/dL/minute), respondents stated they would increase their correction bolus, on average, by 140% (range, 0 to 600%). Conversely, 2 arrows down (glucose decreasing >3 mg/dL/minute) caused respondents to reduce their dose by 42%, with 24% omitting their dose entirely. Furthermore, 59% of respondents stated they would delay a meal in response to rapidly rising glucose, whereas 60% would wait until after a meal to bolus in response to falling glucose levels. With a glucose value of 120 mg/dL and a falling glucose trend, 70% of respondents would prophylactically consume carbohydrates to avoid hypoglycemia.

CONCLUSION:

CGM users utilize CGM data to alter multiple aspects of their diabetes care, including insulin dose timing, dose adjustments, and in hypoglycemia prevention. The insulin adjustments are much larger than common recommendations. Additional studies are needed to determine appropriate insulin adjustments based on glucose trend data.

PMID:
25716635
DOI:
10.4158/EP14520.OR
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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