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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2015 Jun;35(6):464-73. doi: 10.1089/jir.2014.0096. Epub 2015 Feb 25.

Interferon-β Mediates Signaling Pathways Uniquely Regulated in Hepatic Stellate Cells and Attenuates the Progression of Hepatic Fibrosis in a Dietary Mouse Model.

Author information

1
1 Pharmaceutical Research Laboratory, Toray Industries, Inc. , Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan .
2
2 New Projects Development Division, Toray Industries, Inc. , Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan .
3
3 Department of Bio Research, Kamakura Techno-Science, Inc. , Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan .
4
4 Department of Hepatology, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University , Abeno, Osaka, Japan .

Abstract

The results of clinical and experimental studies suggest that type I interferons (IFNs) may have direct antifibrotic activity in addition to their antiviral properties. However, the mechanisms are still unclear; in particular, little is known about the antifibrotic activity of IFN-β and how its activity is distinct from that of IFN-α. Using DNA microarrays, we demonstrated that gene expression in TWNT-4 cells, an activated human hepatic stellate cell line, was remarkably altered by IFN-β more than by IFN-α. Integrated pathway enrichment analyses revealed that a variety of IFN-β-mediated signaling pathways are uniquely regulated in TWNT-4 cells, including those related to cell cycle and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling. To investigate the antifibrotic activity of IFN-β and the involvement of TLR4 signaling in vivo, we used mice fed a choline-deficient l-amino acid-defined diet as a model of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis-related hepatic fibrosis. In this model, the administration of IFN-β significantly attenuated augmentation of the area of liver fibrosis, with accompanying transcriptional downregulation of the TLR4 adaptor molecule MyD88. Our results provide important clues for understanding the mechanisms of the preferential antifibrotic activity of IFN-β and suggest that IFN-β itself, as well as being a modulator of its unique signaling pathway, may be a potential treatment for patients with hepatic fibrosis in a pathogenesis-independent manner.

PMID:
25715168
PMCID:
PMC4490747
DOI:
10.1089/jir.2014.0096
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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