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J Psychoactive Drugs. 2015 Jan-Mar;47(1):18-23. doi: 10.1080/02791072.2014.999901.

Profiles of medicinal cannabis patients attending compassion centers in rhode island.

Author information

1
a Associate Professor, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences-Health Behavior and Health Education , Little Rock , AR.

Abstract

Little is understood regarding medicinal marijuana dispensary users. We sought to characterize socio-demographics and reasons for medicinal marijuana use among medical cannabis dispensary patients in Rhode Island. Participants (n=200) were recruited from one of two Compassion Centers in Rhode Island and asked to participate in a short survey, which included assessment of pain interference using the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI). The majority of participants were male (73%), Caucasian (80%), college educated (68%), and had health insurance (89%). The most common reason for medicinal marijuana use was determined to be chronic pain management. Participants were more likely to have BPI pain interference scores of > 5 if they were older (OR: 1.36, 95% CI: 1.04-1.78) or reported using cannabis as a substitute for prescription medications (OR: 2.47, 95% CI: 1.23-4.95), and were less likely to have interference scores of >5 if they had higher income levels (OR: 0.53, 95% CI: 0.40-0.70) or reported having ever received treatment for an alcohol use disorder. One-fifth of participants had a history of a drug or alcohol use disorder. Most participants report that medicinal cannabis improves their pain symptomology, and are interested in alternative treatment options to opioid-based treatment regimens.

KEYWORDS:

Compassion Center; Rhode Island; cannabis; chronic pain

PMID:
25715068
DOI:
10.1080/02791072.2014.999901
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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