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Pharmacol Rev. 2015;67(2):338-67. doi: 10.1124/pr.114.009647.

International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. XCIV. Adhesion G protein-coupled receptors.

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Department of Experimental Immunology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (J.H.); Department of Surgery, Research Laboratories (G.A), and Institute of Biochemistry (I.L., S.P., T.S.), Medical Faculty, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (D.A.); Department of Nephropathology, Institute of Pathology, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany (F.B.E.); MRC Centre for Developmental Neurobiology, King's College London, London, United Kingdom (C.F.); Department of Neuroscience, Functional Pharmacology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden (R.F., A.K., H.B.S.); Department of Pharmacology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia (R.A.H.); Department of Developmental Biology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri (B.L.H., K.R.M.); Department for Andrology, University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany (C.K.); Cell and Matrix Biology, Institute of Zoology, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, Germany (B.K., U.W.); Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan (H.-H.L.); Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology (D.C.M.) and Division of Hematology (M.V.), Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California; Leiden Academic Centre for Drug Research, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands (M.C.P.); Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology and Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (M.C.P., T.W.S.); Division of Newborn Medicine, Department of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (X.P., K.S.); Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom (M.S.); Medway School of Pharmacy, University of Kent, Chatham, United Kingdom (Y.A.U.); HUGO Gene Nomen


The Adhesion family forms a large branch of the pharmacologically important superfamily of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). As Adhesion GPCRs increasingly receive attention from a wide spectrum of biomedical fields, the Adhesion GPCR Consortium, together with the International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology Committee on Receptor Nomenclature and Drug Classification, proposes a unified nomenclature for Adhesion GPCRs. The new names have ADGR as common dominator followed by a letter and a number to denote each subfamily and subtype, respectively. The new names, with old and alternative names within parentheses, are: ADGRA1 (GPR123), ADGRA2 (GPR124), ADGRA3 (GPR125), ADGRB1 (BAI1), ADGRB2 (BAI2), ADGRB3 (BAI3), ADGRC1 (CELSR1), ADGRC2 (CELSR2), ADGRC3 (CELSR3), ADGRD1 (GPR133), ADGRD2 (GPR144), ADGRE1 (EMR1, F4/80), ADGRE2 (EMR2), ADGRE3 (EMR3), ADGRE4 (EMR4), ADGRE5 (CD97), ADGRF1 (GPR110), ADGRF2 (GPR111), ADGRF3 (GPR113), ADGRF4 (GPR115), ADGRF5 (GPR116, Ig-Hepta), ADGRG1 (GPR56), ADGRG2 (GPR64, HE6), ADGRG3 (GPR97), ADGRG4 (GPR112), ADGRG5 (GPR114), ADGRG6 (GPR126), ADGRG7 (GPR128), ADGRL1 (latrophilin-1, CIRL-1, CL1), ADGRL2 (latrophilin-2, CIRL-2, CL2), ADGRL3 (latrophilin-3, CIRL-3, CL3), ADGRL4 (ELTD1, ETL), and ADGRV1 (VLGR1, GPR98). This review covers all major biologic aspects of Adhesion GPCRs, including evolutionary origins, interaction partners, signaling, expression, physiologic functions, and therapeutic potential.

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