Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Arch Pharm Res. 2015 Jun;38(6):1108-16. doi: 10.1007/s12272-015-0581-z. Epub 2015 Feb 25.

Inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase-13 expression in IL-1β-treated articular chondrocytes by a steroidal saponin, spicatoside A, and its cellular mechanisms of action.

Author information

1
College of Pharmacy, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, 200-701, Korea.

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) plays a critical role in degrading major collagens in human cartilage under some pathological conditions such as osteoarthritis. To establish the therapeutic potential against cartilage degradation, the effects of 12 naturally-occurring triterpenoids and steroids on MMP-13 induction were examined in the human chondrocyte cell line, SW1353. They included coreanoside F1, suavissimoside R1, spicatoside A, 25(S)-ruscogenin, methyl protogracillin, hederagenin, loniceroside A, loniceroside B, loniceroside C, smilaxin A, smilaxin C, and ursolic acid. Among these, only spicatoside A and 25(S)-ruscogenin were found to inhibit MMP-13 expression in IL-1β-treated SW1353 cells at a pharmacologically-relevant concentration of 10 μM. These effects were also supported by the finding that spicatoside A (20 μM) reduced glycosaminoglycan release from IL-1α-treated rabbit joint cartilage culture to some degree. When the cellular mechanisms of action of spicatoside A in MMP-13 inhibition were investigated, the blocking point was not found among the MMP-13 signaling molecules examined such as mitogen-activated protein kinases, activator protein-1, and nuclear transcription factor-κB. Instead, spicatoside A was found to reduce MMP-13 mRNA stability. All of these findings suggest that spicatoside A and 25(S)-ruscogenin have a therapeutic potential for protecting against cartilage breakdown in arthritic disorders.

PMID:
25712888
DOI:
10.1007/s12272-015-0581-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center