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J Autism Dev Disord. 2015 Nov;45(11):3424-32. doi: 10.1007/s10803-015-2388-7.

Maladaptive Behavior in Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Role of Emotion Experience and Emotion Regulation.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, 450 Serra Mall, Bldg 420, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA. andrea.samson@stanford.edu.
2
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, 401 Quarry Road, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.
3
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, 450 Serra Mall, Bldg 420, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.

Abstract

Maladaptive behavior is common in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). However, the factors that give rise to maladaptive behavior in this context are not well understood. The present study examined the role of emotion experience and emotion regulation in maladaptive behavior in individuals with ASD and typically developing (TD) participants. Thirty-one individuals with ASD and 28 TD participants and their parents completed questionnaires assessing emotion experience, regulation, and maladaptive behavior. Compared to TD participants, individuals with ASD used cognitive reappraisal less frequently, which was associated with increased negative emotion experience, which in turn was related to greater levels of maladaptive behavior. By decreasing negative emotions, treatments targeting adaptive emotion regulation may therefore reduce maladaptive behaviors in individuals with ASD.

KEYWORDS:

ASD; Emotion experience; Emotion regulation; Maladaptive behavior; Mediation

PMID:
25711546
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-015-2388-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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