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Simul Healthc. 2015 Apr;10(2):106-15. doi: 10.1097/SIH.0000000000000072.

Promoting Excellence and Reflective Learning in Simulation (PEARLS): development and rationale for a blended approach to health care simulation debriefing.

Author information

1
From the Department of Medical Education (W.E.), Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine; Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL; and KidSIM Simulation Program (A.C.), Department of Pediatrics, Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary, Canada.

Abstract

We describe an integrated conceptual framework for a blended approach to debriefing called PEARLS [Promoting Excellence And Reflective Learning in Simulation]. We provide a rationale for scripted debriefing and introduce a PEARLS debriefing tool designed to facilitate implementation of the new framework. The PEARLS framework integrates 3 common educational strategies used during debriefing, namely, (1) learner self-assessment, (2) facilitating focused discussion, and (3) providing information in the form of directive feedback and/or teaching. The PEARLS debriefing tool incorporates scripted language to guide the debriefing, depending on the strategy chosen. The PEARLS framework and debriefing script fill a need for many health care educators learning to facilitate debriefings in simulation-based education. The PEARLS offers a structured framework adaptable for debriefing simulations with a variety in goals, including clinical decision making, improving technical skills, teamwork training, and interprofessional collaboration.

PMID:
25710312
DOI:
10.1097/SIH.0000000000000072
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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