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J Food Prot. 2015 Feb;78(2):390-5. doi: 10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-14-336.

Bioconcentration factors and potential human health risks of heavy metals in cultivated Lentinus edodes in Chengdu, People's Republic of China.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Bioresources and Ecoenvironment, Ministry of Education, College of Life Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610064, People's Republic of China.
2
Key Laboratory of Bioresources and Ecoenvironment, Ministry of Education, College of Life Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610064, People's Republic of China. xuheng64@sina.com.

Abstract

Lentinus edodes is one of the most popular edible mushrooms in the market. However, it contains heavy metals that are poisonous to humans even at trace concentrations. The concentrations and bioconcentration factors of five heavy metals in cultivated L. edodes in Chengdu were studied, and the potential health risks to local residents associated with the cultivated L. edodes consumption were evaluated. Total concentrations of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), chromium (Cr), arsenic (As), and mercury were determined in the fruiting bodies and the substrate from three agricultural areas. Fruiting bodies samples were collected at different growing times (2, 4, 6, and 8 days). The bioconcentration factors of heavy metals from the substrate to the fruiting bodies were estimated, and the potential health risks of local L. edodes were assessed. Because antioxidant enzymes can resist the creation of reactive oxygen species and defend against heavy metals, the activities of three antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and peroxidase) in the fruiting bodies were also determined. A gradual change in heavy metal concentrations occurred across the growing time of the fruiting bodies. Cd transferred from the substrate to the fruiting bodies in larger concentrations than did Pb, Cr, and As. However, Chengdu residents were not exposed to significant health risks associated with consumption of local L. edodes. Nevertheless, more attention should be focused on children because of their higher sensitivity to metal pollutants.

PMID:
25710156
DOI:
10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-14-336
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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