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Magn Reson Imaging. 2015 Jun;33(5):537-43. doi: 10.1016/j.mri.2015.02.012. Epub 2015 Feb 20.

Assessment of functional and structural damage in brain parenchyma in patients with vitamin B12 deficiency: A longitudinal perfusion and diffusion tensor imaging study.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology and Imaging, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.
2
Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Science, Delhi, India.
3
Department of Neurology, King George Medical University, Lucknow, India.
4
Department of Radiology and Imaging, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon, Haryana, India. Electronic address: rakeshree1@gmail.com.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Vitamin B12 deficiency may cause neural tissue damage. Even in advanced stages, conventional imaging of brain usually appears normal in vitamin B12 deficient patients. The aim of this study was to assess the structural and functional changes in brain of patients with vitamin B12 deficiency before and after six weeks of vitamin B12 supplementation using diffusion tensor imaging and pseudo-continuous arterial spin labelling (PCASL).

METHODS:

MR imaging including DTI and PCASL and neuropsychological tests (NPT) were performed in 16 patients with vitamin B12 deficiency and 16 controls before and after 6weeks of therapy. Cerebral blood flow (CBF) derived from PCASL and DTI indices was calculated in brain of patients with vitamin B12 deficiency and controls.

RESULTS:

Patient with vitamin B12 deficiency showed altered neuropsychological scores and altered CBF as well as fractional anisotropy (FA) values in various brain regions as compared with controls. Both CBF values and neuropsychological scores showed complete reversibility at 6weeks post therapy. Though FA values showed significant recovery, it failed to show complete recovery.

CONCLUSION:

Our results suggest that micro-structural recovery lags behind functional recovery in patients with vitamin B12 deficiency following therapy and CBF change may be used as an early predictor of complete recovery in patients with B12 deficiency.

KEYWORDS:

Brain; Cerebral blood flow (CBF); Pseudo-continuous arterial spin labelling (PCASL); Vitamin B12

PMID:
25708265
DOI:
10.1016/j.mri.2015.02.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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