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Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 Mar;43(2):259-69. doi: 10.1007/s10488-015-0638-9.

Effectiveness of Health System Services and Programs for Youth to Adult Transitions in Mental Health Care: A Systematic Review of Academic Literature.

Embrett MG1,2, Randall GE3,4,5, Longo CJ6,7,8, Nguyen T9, Mulvale G10,11,12.

Author information

  • 1Health Policy, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada. embretmg@mcmaster.ca.
  • 2Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, McMaster University, CRL Building, 282, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4K1, Canada. embretmg@mcmaster.ca.
  • 3Health Policy, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada. randalg@mcmaster.ca.
  • 4Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, McMaster University, CRL Building, 282, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4K1, Canada. randalg@mcmaster.ca.
  • 5Health Policy and Management, DeGroote School of Business, McMasterUniversity, Hamilton, ON, Canada. randalg@mcmaster.ca.
  • 6Health Policy, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada. cjlongo@mcmaster.ca.
  • 7Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, McMaster University, CRL Building, 282, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4K1, Canada. cjlongo@mcmaster.ca.
  • 8Health Policy and Management, DeGroote School of Business, McMasterUniversity, Hamilton, ON, Canada. cjlongo@mcmaster.ca.
  • 9Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Rehabilitation Science and CanChild Centre for Childhood Disability Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada. nguyetd3@mcmaster.ca.
  • 10Health Policy, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada. mulvale@mcmaster.ca.
  • 11Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, McMaster University, CRL Building, 282, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4K1, Canada. mulvale@mcmaster.ca.
  • 12Health Policy and Management, DeGroote School of Business, McMasterUniversity, Hamilton, ON, Canada. mulvale@mcmaster.ca.

Abstract

Youth shifting to adult mental health services often report experiencing frustrations with accessing care that adequately replaces the youth services they had received. This systematic review assesses the peer reviewed evidence on services/programs aimed at addressing youth to adult transitions in mental health services. Findings suggest little data exists on the effectiveness of transition services/programs. While the available evidence supports meetings between youth and youth caseworkers prior to transitions occurring, it also verifies that this is not common practice. Other identified barriers to effective transitions were categorized as logistical (ineffective system communication), organizational (negative incentives), and related to clinical governance.

KEYWORDS:

Continuity of care; Program evaluation; Transition planning; Transition services; Transition to adulthood

PMID:
25708229
DOI:
10.1007/s10488-015-0638-9
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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