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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2015 Mar 25;7(11):6211-9. doi: 10.1021/acsami.5b00368. Epub 2015 Mar 11.

Silver nanoparticle gated, mesoporous silica coated gold nanorods (AuNR@MS@AgNPs): low premature release and multifunctional cancer theranostic platform.

Author information

1
†State Key Laboratory of Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082, China.
2
‡Department of Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Hunan City University, Yiyang, 413000, China.
3
∥Center for Research at the Bio/Nano Interface, Department of Chemistry and Department of Physiology and Functional Genomics, Shands Cancer Center and UF Genetics Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-7200, United States.
4
§School of Chemistry and Biological Engineering, Changsha University of Science and Technology, Changsha, 410004, China.

Abstract

Multifunctional nanoparticles integrated with an imaging module and therapeutic drugs are promising candidates for future cancer diagnosis and therapy. Mesoporous silica coated gold nanorods (AuNR@MS) have emerged as a novel multifunctional cancer theranostic platform combining the large specific surface area of mesoporous silica, which guarantees a high drug payload, and the photothermal modality of AuNRs. However, premature release and side effects of exogenous stimulus still hinder the further application of AuNR@MS. To address these issues, herein, we proposed a glutathione (GSH)-responsive multifunctional AuNR@MS nanocarrier with in situ formed silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as the capping agent. The inner AuNR core functions as a hyperthermia agent, while the outer mesoporous silica shell exhibits the potential to allow a high drug payload, thus posing itself as an effective drug carrier. With the incorporation of targeting aptamers, the constructed nanocarriers show drug release in accordance with an intracellular GSH level with maximum drug release into tumors and minimum systemic release in the blood. Meanwhile, the photothermal effect of the AuNRs upon application to near-infrared (NIR) light led to a rapid rise in the local temperature, resulting in an enhanced cell cytotoxicity. Such a versatile theranostic system as AuNR@MS@AgNPs is expected to have a wide biomedical application and may be particularly useful for cancer therapy.

KEYWORDS:

GSH; gold nanorods; mesoporous silica nanoparticles; photodynamic therapy; photothermal therapy; silver nanoparticle

PMID:
25707533
DOI:
10.1021/acsami.5b00368
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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