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Characterization of a human follicular thyroid carcinoma cell line (UCLA RO 82 W-1).

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Department of Medicine, UCLA School of Medicine 90024.


A thyroid tumor cell line has been established from the metastases of a follicular carcinoma in a female patient. Although the primary tumor released thyroglobulin (Tg) into the circulation (greater than 10,000 ng/ml), the uptake of I131 was less than 2%. After 37 replications the doubling time was 4 days and confluency was reached after 7 days from inoculation of 3 x 10(7) cells. This human thyroid tumor cell line has now been growing in culture for several years. An aneuploid chromosomal pattern was observed (62-82 chromosomes). A pair of X chromosomes was present but no Y chromosome was found which is compatible with the female origin of the cell line. EM studies revealed the presence of microvilli. Immunoperoxidase staining using specific anti-human Tg antisera indicated the presence of Tg within the cells. Nude mice developed solid-cystic tumors within 6 months after injection of the cells. The basal release of immunodetectable Tg, as measured in a perifusion system, increased in response to thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) (P less than 0.025) or TSH combined with theophylline (P less than 0.001). Unusual isoenzyme patterns for galactose-1-phosphate-uridyltransferase (GALT) and phosphoglucomutase1 (PGM1) were detected in the tumor, compared with normal human fibroblasts and blood cells and isoenzyme patterns from the patient's lymphocytes. Because this malignant human thyroid follicular cell line has retained the ability to synthesize Tg it represents a valuable model for the study of human follicular carcinomas.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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