Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Environ Res. 2015 Apr;138:112-7. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2015.02.009. Epub 2015 Feb 20.

Symptom reporting after the introduction of a new high-voltage power line: a prospective field study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
  • 2Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; KLM Health Services, Schiphol, The Netherlands.
  • 3Municipal Health Service, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
  • 4Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
  • 5Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands. Electronic address: drm.timmermans@vumc.nl.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is public concern about the potential health effects of exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) of high-voltage power lines (HVPLs). Some residents living near HVPLs believe ELF-EMF might cause non-specific health complaints.

OBJECTIVES:

The present study is the first to prospectively investigate whether self-reported health complaints and causal beliefs increase after the construction of a new power line.

METHODS:

We used a quasi-experimental design with two pretests before and two posttests after a new HVPL was put into operation. Residents living near (0-300m, n=229; 300-500m, n=489) and farther away (500-2000m, n=536) participated in the study. Linear mixed models were fitted to test whether symptom reports and beliefs that power lines caused health complaints increased more in residents living close to the new line compared to residents living farther away.

RESULTS:

A significantly (p<.05) larger increase from baseline in symptom reports and causal beliefs was found in residents living within 300m from the new power line when compared to residents living farther away. While symptom reports did not differ at baseline, the belief that a power line could cause these symptoms was at baseline already stronger for residents living close compared to residents living farther away.

CONCLUSIONS:

We found a negative impact of a new HVPL on health perceptions of nearby residents, even before the line was put into operation.

KEYWORDS:

Electromagnetic fields; Environmental incident; Power line; Risk perception; Symptom reports

PMID:
25704831
DOI:
10.1016/j.envres.2015.02.009
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center