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Cell Rep. 2015 Feb 24;10(7):1082-95. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2015.01.042. Epub 2015 Feb 19.

Epigenome mapping reveals distinct modes of gene regulation and widespread enhancer reprogramming by the oncogenic fusion protein EWS-FLI1.

Author information

1
Children's Cancer Research Institute, St. Anna Kinderkrebsforschung, 1090 Vienna, Austria.
2
CeMM Research Center for Molecular Medicine of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 1090 Vienna, Austria.
3
CeMM Research Center for Molecular Medicine of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, 1090 Vienna, Austria; Department of Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria; Max Planck Institute for Informatics, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany. Electronic address: cbock@cemm.oeaw.ac.at.
4
Children's Cancer Research Institute, St. Anna Kinderkrebsforschung, 1090 Vienna, Austria; Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: heinrich.kovar@ccri.at.

Abstract

Transcription factor fusion proteins can transform cells by inducing global changes of the transcriptome, often creating a state of oncogene addiction. Here, we investigate the role of epigenetic mechanisms in this process, focusing on Ewing sarcoma cells that are dependent on the EWS-FLI1 fusion protein. We established reference epigenome maps comprising DNA methylation, seven histone marks, open chromatin states, and RNA levels, and we analyzed the epigenome dynamics upon downregulation of the driving oncogene. Reduced EWS-FLI1 expression led to widespread epigenetic changes in promoters, enhancers, and super-enhancers, and we identified histone H3K27 acetylation as the most strongly affected mark. Clustering of epigenetic promoter signatures defined classes of EWS-FLI1-regulated genes that responded differently to low-dose treatment with histone deacetylase inhibitors. Furthermore, we observed strong and opposing enrichment patterns for E2F and AP-1 among EWS-FLI1-correlated and anticorrelated genes. Our data describe extensive genome-wide rewiring of epigenetic cell states driven by an oncogenic fusion protein.

PMID:
25704812
PMCID:
PMC4542316
DOI:
10.1016/j.celrep.2015.01.042
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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