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Injury. 2015;46(6):1018-22. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2015.01.010. Epub 2015 Jan 22.

Basal haemoglobin levels as prognostic factor for early death in elderly patients with a hip fracture--A twenty year observation study.

Author information

1
Department of Trauma Surgery, General Hospital Vienna, Medical University Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: florian.kovar@meduniwien.ac.at.
2
Institute of Medical and Chemical Laboratory Diagnostics, General Hospital Vienna, Medical University Vienna, Austria; Labors.at, Vienna, Austria.
3
Institute of Medical and Chemical Laboratory Diagnostics, General Hospital Vienna, Medical University Vienna, Austria.
4
Department of Trauma Surgery, General Hospital Vienna, Medical University Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Hip fractures are a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in the elderly. This study investigated the relationship between initial haemoglobin (Hb) levels and a prognostic parameter for outcome in those patients.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A total of 3595 consecutive patients with diagnosed hip fractures were included in our study (72.2% females). Anaemia was defined according to WHO criteria, with according subgroups mild, moderate and severe anaemia. Data collection was performed prospectively and statistical evaluation was performed retrospectively.

RESULTS:

Mean follow up in our study group was 11.2 ± 0.3 months. The mean age of our study group was 78.5 years (SEM ± 0.2 years). To facilitate analysis, patients were divided in two groups: ≤ 84 years (60.1%) and ≥ 85 years (39.9%). Mortality <12 months was 12.2% (n = 439). In our study population lower Hb levels ad admission were associated with a markedly elevated short-term mortality. In a multivariate logistic regression model adjusted for age and sex, mild anaemia at admission caused a 1.5 (CI: 1.1-1.9), moderate anaemia a 2.6 (95 CI: 2.0-3.4), and severe anaemia a 3.6 (CI: 1.8-6.9) fold increase in three months mortality compared to patients without anaemia. Total lymphocyte count (1.2 ± 0) did not show any differences between the subgroups.

CONCLUSION:

Those findings in our study population with 3595 patients over a period of twenty years have proven that initial Hb levels are a useful and cost effective parameter to predict mortality in elderly patients with a hip fracture. This prognostic factor may help to increase the outcome of elderly patients with a hip fracture.

KEYWORDS:

Anaemia; Elderly patients; Gender; Haemoglobin level; Hip fracture; Lymphocyte count; Mortality; Plasma WBC; Plasma creatinine; Platelets

PMID:
25704141
DOI:
10.1016/j.injury.2015.01.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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