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Mol Gen Genet. 1989 Jun;217(2-3):370-7.

Three regulatory systems control expression of glutamine synthetase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae at the level of transcription.

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Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139.


The GLN1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was cloned by complementation of a gln1 auxotroph. A GLN1-lacZ fusion was constructed to assay GLN1 promoter activity. beta-Galactosidase and glutamine synthetase expression in chromosomally integrated GLN1-lacZ fusion strains were co-regulated in response to a shift from glutamine to glutamate as the nitrogen source, purine limitation, and 3-aminotriazole-induced histidine starvation. Regulation of GLN1 expression by each of the three pathways occurred at the transcriptional level. Increased accumulation of GLN1 mRNA was observed within 5 min after a shift from glutamine to glutamate as the nitrogen source. After 5 min, GLN1 mRNA levels were constant. The level of GLN1 transcript was reduced by approximately 75% within 5 min following glutamine addition to the cells growing with glutamate as nitrogen source. This indicates that the GLN1 message is unstable and has a half-life of approximately 3 min. Deletion analysis indicated that the sequences required for GLN1 expression are located within approximately 350 bp upstream from the transcriptional initiation site.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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