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Structure. 2015 Mar 3;23(3):517-526. doi: 10.1016/j.str.2015.01.012. Epub 2015 Feb 19.

A conserved activation cluster is required for allosteric communication in HtrA-family proteases.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 31 Ames Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
2
Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 31 Ames Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 31 Ames Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
3
Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 31 Ames Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. Electronic address: bobsauer@mit.edu.

Abstract

In E. coli, outer-membrane stress causes a transcriptional response through a signaling cascade initiated by DegS cleavage of a transmembrane antisigma factor. Each subunit of DegS, an HtrA-family protease, contains a protease domain and a PDZ domain. The trimeric protease domain is autoinhibited by the unliganded PDZ domains. Allosteric activation requires binding of unassembled outer-membrane proteins (OMPs) to the PDZ domains and protein substrate binding. Here, we identify a set of DegS residues that cluster together at subunit-subunit interfaces in the trimer, link the active sites and substrate binding sites, and are crucial for stabilizing the active enzyme conformation in response to OMP signaling. These residues are conserved across the HtrA-protease family, including orthologs linked to human disease, supporting a common mechanism of allosteric activation. Indeed, mutation of residues at homologous positions in the DegP quality-control protease also eliminates allosteric activation.

PMID:
25703375
PMCID:
PMC4351158
DOI:
10.1016/j.str.2015.01.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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