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Early Hum Dev. 2015 Mar;91(3):211-6. doi: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2015.01.009. Epub 2015 Feb 18.

Parent ratings of child cognition and language compared with Bayley-III in preterm 3-year-olds.

Author information

1
School of Nursing & Midwifery, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom. Electronic address: o.perra@qub.ac.uk.
2
School of Nursing & Midwifery, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom.
3
School of Nursing & Midwifery, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom; Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada; Child & Family Research Institute, Vancouver, Canada.
4
School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom.
5
NICORE Project, Royal Maternity Hospital, Belfast, United Kingdom.
6
Lawrence S Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Parent ratings on questionnaires may provide valid and cost-effective tools for screening cognitive development of children at risk of developmental delay.

AIMS:

In this study, we examined the convergent validity of combining parent-based reports of non-verbal cognitive abilities (PARCA3) and verbal abilities (CDI-III) in relation to the Bayley-III cognitive scale in 3-year-olds born late pre-term.

METHODS:

Mothers of 185 late-preterm children were asked to complete the PARCA3 and the CDI-III shortly before children reached age three; children were then assessed using the Bayley-III close to their third birthday.

RESULTS:

The two maternal questionnaires were significantly and moderately correlated with the Bayley-III cognitive scores. Together the maternal ratings accounted for 15% of the variance in the Bayley-III cognitive scores, after controlling for other covariates in regression analysis. In particular, the PARCA3 contributed significantly to explain variance in the Bayley-III cognitive scores when controlling for the CDI-III. However, the CDI-III was also independently associated with the Bayley-III cognitive scores.

CONCLUSIONS:

Parent ratings of child cognition and language together may provide cost-effective screening of development in "at risk" preschoolers.

KEYWORDS:

Child development; Parental ratings; Premature babies; Preschoolers

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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