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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2015 Apr;108(1):84-93. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2015.01.014. Epub 2015 Jan 25.

Targeted metabolomic analysis reveals the association between the postprandial change in palmitic acid, branched-chain amino acids and insulin resistance in young obese subjects.

Author information

1
Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Public Health College, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, PR China.
2
The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, PR China. Electronic address: Jiaojundong@163.com.
3
Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Public Health College, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, PR China. Electronic address: changhaosun2002@163.com.

Abstract

Obesity is the result of a positive energy balance and often leads to difficulties in maintaining normal postprandial metabolism. The changes in postprandial metabolites after an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in young obese Chinese men are unclear. In this work, the aim is to investigate the complex metabolic alterations in obesity provoked by an OGTT using targeted metabolomics. We used gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and ultra high performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry to analyze serum fatty acids, amino acids and biogenic amines profiles from 15 control and 15 obese subjects at 0, 30, 60, 90 and 120 min during an OGTT. Metabolite profiles from 30 obese subjects as independent samples were detected in order to validate the change of metabolites. There were the decreased levels of fatty acid, amino acids and biogenic amines after OGTT in obesity. At 120 min, percent change of 20 metabolites in obesity has statistical significance when comparing with the controls. The obese parameters was positively associated with changes in arginine and histidine (P<0.05) and the postprandial change in palmitic acid (PA), branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and phenylalanine between 1 and 120 min were positively associated with fasting insulin and HOMA-IR (all P<0.05) in the obese group. The postprandial metabolite of PA and BCAAs may play important role in the development and onset of insulin resistance in obesity. Our findings offer new insights in the complex physiological regulation of the metabolism during an OGTT in obesity.

KEYWORDS:

Amino acids; Fatty acids; Insulin resistance; Obesity; Oral glucose tolerance test

PMID:
25700627
DOI:
10.1016/j.diabres.2015.01.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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