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Science. 2015 Mar 20;347(6228):1342-5. doi: 10.1126/science.aaa2494. Epub 2015 Feb 19.

Applied optics. Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation.

Author information

1
School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
2
School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. capasso@seas.harvard.edu.

Abstract

The replacement of bulk refractive optical elements with diffractive planar components enables the miniaturization of optical systems. However, diffractive optics suffers from large chromatic aberrations due to the dispersion of the phase accumulated by light during propagation. We show that this limitation can be overcome with an engineered wavelength-dependent phase shift imparted by a metasurface, and we demonstrate a design that deflects three wavelengths by the same angle. A planar lens without chromatic aberrations at three wavelengths is also presented. Our designs are based on low-loss dielectric resonators, which introduce a dense spectrum of optical modes to enable dispersive phase compensation. The suppression of chromatic aberrations in metasurface-based planar photonics will find applications in lightweight collimators for displays, as well as chromatically corrected imaging systems.

PMID:
25700175
DOI:
10.1126/science.aaa2494
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