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Int J Sports Med. 2015 Jun;36(6):433-9. doi: 10.1055/s-0034-1398580. Epub 2015 Feb 20.

The Effect of Caffeine Ingestion during Evening Exercise on Subsequent Sleep Quality in Females.

Author information

1
School of Sport and Exercise, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand.
2
School of Sport and Exercise, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
3
Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand.

Abstract

In a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover design, 10 females taking monophasic oral contraceptives completed 90 min intermittent treadmill-running 45 min after ingestion of 6 mg∙kg(-1) body mass anhydrous caffeine or artificial sweetener (placebo). Water (3 mL∙kg(-1)) was provided every 15 min during exercise. Venous blood samples were taken before, during and after exercise, as well as after sleep (~15 h post-ingestion), and levels of caffeine, paraxanthine, theobromine and theophylline were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography. Sleep quality was assessed using the Leeds Sleep Evaluation Questionnaire. Plasma caffeine concentration peaked 100 min after ingestion. Caffeine clearance was 0.95±0.14 mL·min(-1)·kg(-1) while the elimination half-life of caffeine was 17.63±8.06 h. Paraxanthine and theophylline levels were significantly elevated at 15 h with no significant change in theobromine. Sleep latency and subsequent quality of sleep was impaired following caffeine supplementation (P<0.05); there were no differences between trials for how participants were feeling upon awakening. This is the first controlled study to examine caffeine supplementation on sleep quality in female athletes taking a low-dose monophasic oral contraceptive steroid following an intermittent-exercise running protocol. The data shows that female athletes using monophasic oral contraceptive steroids will have impaired sleep quality following evening caffeine ingestion.

PMID:
25700100
DOI:
10.1055/s-0034-1398580
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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