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PhytoKeys. 2015 Jan 13;(44):39-64. doi: 10.3897/phytokeys.44.8693. eCollection 2015.

Four new non-spiny Solanum (Solanaceae) species from South America.

Author information

1
Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 20A Inverleith Row, EH3 5LR Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
2
Laboratorio de Florística, Departamento de Dicotiledóneas, Museo de Historia Natural - Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Avenida Arenales 1256, Apartado Postal 14-0434, Lima, Peru.
3
Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, SW7 5BD London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

Four new species of "non-spiny" Solanum from South America are described. Solanumlongifilamentum Särkinen & P.Gonzáles, sp. nov. (Morelloid clade) is widespread from Ecuador to Bolivia and is most similar to Solanummacrotonum Dunal from Central and northern South America. Solanumantisuyo Särkinen & S.Knapp, sp. nov. (Morelloid clade) is found on the eastern Andean slopes in Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia and is most similar to the widespread lower elevation species Solanumpolytrichostylum Bitter. Solanumarenicola Särkinen & P.Gonzáles, sp. nov. (Morelloid clade) is found in low elevation habitats on the eastern Andean slopes and in Amazonia of Peru and Bolivia and is most similar to the higher elevation species Solanumaloysiifolium Dunal of Bolivia and Argentina. Solanummariae Särkinen & S.Knapp, sp. nov. (Potato clade) is endemic to Cajamarca Department in Peru, and is most similar to the widespread Solanumcaripense Dunal. Complete descriptions, distributions and preliminary conservation assessments of all new species are given.

KEYWORDS:

Andes tropicales; Morelloid clade; Peru; Perú; Potato clade; Solanaceae; SolanumsecciónBasarthrum; SolanumsecciónSolanum; SolanumsectionBasarthrum; SolanumsectionSolanum; Tropical Andes; clado Morelloide; clado Potato; endemism; endemismo

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