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Metabolism. 1989 Aug;38(8):753-8.

Impairment of glutathione metabolism in erythrocytes from patients with diabetes mellitus.

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1
First Department of Medicine, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

The metabolism of glutathione and activities of its related enzymes were studied in erythrocytes from patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). A decrease in the levels of the reduced form of glutathione and an increase in the levels of glutathione disulfide were found in erythrocytes of diabetics. To elucidate these changes in the levels of glutathione, synthetic and degradative processes were studied. The activity of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase was significantly lower in diabetics than in normal controls. The activity of glutathione synthetase of each group was the same. The rate of outward transport of glutathione disulfide in diabetics decreased to approximately 70% of that of normal controls. The activity of glutathione reductase decreased in diabetics. These data suggest that the decrease in the levels of reduced form of glutathione in erythrocytes of diabetics is brought about by impaired glutathione synthesis and that the increase in the levels of glutathione disulfide is brought about by the decreased transport activity of glutathione disulfide through the erythrocyte membrane together with a decrease in the activity of glutathione reductase. These data also suggest that the impairment of glutathione metabolism weakens the defense mechanism against oxidative stress in erythrocytes of diabetics.

PMID:
2569661
DOI:
10.1016/0026-0495(89)90061-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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