Send to

Choose Destination
Neth Heart J. 2005 Sep;13(9):300-304.

Safety and feasibility of prehospital thrombolysis in combination with active rescue PCI strategy for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction.



The purpose of this observational study was to provide an impression of the outcomes of prehospital thrombolysis in combination with an active coronary angioplasty intervention (PCI) strategy for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction.


In a group of 151 consecutive patients the following parameters were measured: time delay, percentage of reperfusion, reocclusion, stroke, death, need for PCI and the number of protocol violations.


The diagnosis by the ambulance paramedics was made in 8±6 minutes, followed by thrombolysis in 13±7 minutes (median±SD). In 2% (3) of the patients the thrombolytic agent was erroneously administered without complications. The elapsed time from onset of symptoms to treatment was a median of 112±77 minutes. Five percent (7) of the patients died in the first 30 days and 2% (3) suffered an intracerebral haemorrhage. Reperfusion was documented in 76% (112) of the patients, from which 18% (20) reoccluded in the following 24 hours. In patients where reperfusion was not established or reocclusion occurred, patients underwent rescue/facilitated PCI: in total 37% (55 patients). After three months 9% (13) of the patients had severly impaired (EF <40%) left ventricular function.


In our region, we successfully implemented the prehospital thrombolysis system achieving a competitive call-to-needle time and reperfusion rate. The percentage of patients who violated the protocol, suffered an intracerebral haemorrhage, died and/or had severely impaired left ventricular function was acceptable.


active rescue PCI strategy; acute myocardial infarction; facilitated PCI; paramedics; prehospital thrombolysis; rural community


Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center