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J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2015 Jul;20(3):192-8. doi: 10.1177/2156587214568894. Epub 2015 Feb 18.

What factors promote resilience and protect against burnout in first-year pediatric and medicine-pediatric residents?

Author information

1
The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.
2
The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA john.mahan@nationwidechildrens.org.

Abstract

Burnout has high costs for pediatricians and their patients. There is increasing interest in educational interventions to promote resilience and minimize burnout among pediatric trainees. This study tested a conceptual model of factors that might promote resilience and protect against burnout, and which could serve as targets for addressing burnout in pediatric residents. Questionnaires were administered in a cross-sectional survey of (n = 45) first-year pediatric and medicine-pediatric residents. A minority (40%) of residents met one or more criteria for burnout. Physician empathy and emotional intelligence were not significantly correlated with burnout or resilience. Self-compassion and mindfulness were positively associated with resilience and inversely associated with burnout. Thus many residents in this sample endorsed burnout; mindfulness and self-compassion were associated with resilience and may promote resilience and protect against burnout in these trainees. Future studies should explore the impact of training in mindfulness and self-compassion in pediatric trainees.

KEYWORDS:

burnout; empathy; mindfulness; residents; resilience; training

PMID:
25694128
DOI:
10.1177/2156587214568894
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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