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PLoS One. 2015 Feb 18;10(2):e0118365. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0118365. eCollection 2015.

Awareness, treatment, and control of diabetes in Bangladesh: a nationwide population-based study.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health, First Capital University of Bangladesh, Chuadanga, Bangladesh.
2
Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Center for Clinical Sciences, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
3
Department of Global Health Policy, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
4
Department of Population Science and Human Resource Development, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
5
Department of Global Health Policy, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Population Science and Human Resource Development, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To examine awareness, treatment, and control of diabetes mellitus among the adult population in Bangladesh.

METHODS:

The study used data from the 2011 nationally representative Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS). The BDHS sample is comprised of 7,786 adults aged 35 years or older. The primary outcome variables were fasting blood glucose, diagnosis, treatment, and control of diabetes. Multilevel logistic regression models were used to identify the risk factors for diabetes awareness.

RESULTS:

Overall, age-standardized prevalence of diabetes was 9.2%. Among subjects with diabetes, 41.2% were aware of their condition, 36.9% were treated, and 14.2% controlled their condition. A significant inequality in diabetes management was found from poor to wealthy households: 18.2% to 63.2% (awareness), 15.8% to 56.6% (treatment), and 8.2% to 18.4% (control). Multilevel models suggested that participants who had a lower education and lower economic condition were less likely to be aware of their diabetes. Poor management was observed among non-educated, low-income groups, and those who lived in the northwestern region.

CONCLUSIONS:

Diabetes has become a national health concern in Bangladesh; however, treatment and control are quite low. Improving detection, awareness, and treatment strategies is urgently needed to prevent the growing burden associated with diabetes.

PMID:
25692767
PMCID:
PMC4334658
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0118365
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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