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Diabetes Obes Metab. 2015 Jul;17(7):616-21. doi: 10.1111/dom.12451. Epub 2015 Mar 22.

Potential for combination of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors and sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Abstract

In individuals with advanced type 2 diabetes (T2DM), combination therapy is often unavoidable to maintain glycaemic control. Currently metformin is considered the first line of defence, but many patients experience gastrointestinal adverse events, necessitating an alternative treatment approach. Established therapeutic classes, such as sulphonylureas and thiazolidinediones, have some properties undesirable in individuals with T2DM, such as hypoglycaemia risk, weight gain and fluid retention, highlighting the need for newer agents with more favourable safety profiles that can be combined and used at all stages of T2DM. New treatment strategies have focused on both dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitors, which improve hyperglycaemia by stimulating insulin secretion in a glucose-dependent fashion and suppressing glucagon secretion, and sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors, which reduce renal glucose reabsorption and induce urinary glucose excretion, thereby lowering plasma glucose. The potential complimentary mechanism of action and good tolerance profile of these two classes of agents make them attractive treatment options for combination therapy with any of the existing glucose-lowering agents, including insulin. Together, the DPP-4 and SGLT2 inhibitors fulfill a need for treatments with mechanisms of action that can be used in combination with a low risk of adverse events, such as hypoglycaemia or weight gain.

KEYWORDS:

DPP-IV inhibitor; SGLT2 inhibitor; anti-hyperglycaemic drug; dual inhibitor combination therapy; type 2 diabetes

PMID:
25690671
PMCID:
PMC4672700
DOI:
10.1111/dom.12451
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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